Since 2015, the average price of a home in the UK has risen over £250,000, while it nearly doubles this amount in London and the South East. This means that very few people can afford homes from their savings. This is why residential mortgages are common in the United Kingdom.
A residential mortgage is simply a large loan meant to help you, the borrower, to purchase a home. The property you intend to buy is put up as the security for this mortgage. A residential mortgage ensures that the buyer can raise the value of the property from an up-front deposit and a top-up from the lender. The borrower is expected to pay back the money loaned plus an interest rate monthly for a designated period.
You can only take up a residential mortgage on a house you intend to use as your residence. If you plan on using the property as a commercial property, you cannot finance the plan with a residential mortgage.
There are two types of repayments for residential mortgages. These are repayment and interest-only mortgages.
For a repayment plan, the borrower is expected to pay portions of the value of the property and interest on a monthly basis.
An interest-only plan requires the borrower to pay the interest on the borrowed amount. Once the loan term ends, the borrower will need to pay back the initial amount borrowed. However, you can pay the loaned amount within the loan period if you can afford it.
Variable rate. This is a rate repayment plan where the borrower pays an SVR interest (Standard Variable Rate) to the lender. This rate changes from month to month at the lender’s discretion
Fixed rate. This is a plan where the interest rate paid is fixed for a set period, usually a few years. This gives you the time to plan your budget to suit your repayment requirements
Tracker mortgage rate. This is the rate you pay when you take out a tracker mortgage. It varies from month to month while tracking financial changes to the Bank of England base rate
Variable rate, fixed rate and tracker mortgage rate
A mortgage is funding raised and secured against property. Whilst giving you the ability to raise money in order to purchase or refinance it also permits a mortgage provider to hold a legal right over the property itself, commonly referred to as a first charge. This means that a lender has a legal ability to repossess the property or ‘call in the mortgage’ should you fail to keep up with your repayments.
Capital repayment means you pay both the capital and interest back to a lender, where an interest only mortgage means you only pay back the interest and the amount borrowed is left to pay in full at the end of the term. There are various uses for an interest only facility and can be beneficial in certain situations however for a standard residential mortgage it is usually recommended that the capital repayment option is taken as long as it fits within an applicant’s budget and/or circumstances.
An income multiple is what a lender occasionally uses to calculate a maximum figure they can look to lend you for a mortgage, for example; 4.5x income multiple on an income of £30,000 per annum would amount to a £135,000 mortgage. This however could reduce when the overall affordability of an application is looked into. Details such as monthly commitments on both household costs, bills etc, along with unsecured credit commitments such as credit cards or car finance will all have a bearing on what they lender deems to be ‘affordable’. Lenders have tightened their affordability models and how they assess a mortgage application and therefore it is now key to ensure that consumers are comfortable with mortgage repayments.
A credit score is statistical data that determines your credit position. There are 3 more commonly known credit referencing agencies; Experian, Equifax and Call Credit, all of whom report data to give you an overall score. There are various factors that can impact your score these include; missed payments or defaults on your finances, not being on the electoral register, too many searches being carried out on your file within a short period – all of which can have a negative impact on your score. Being on the electoral register, keeping up to date with your payments and not being over indebted (being too reliant on credit) can improve your score as well as other factors. As well as lenders using credit scoring from these credit referencing agencies, they also conduct their own personal internal score on you as a client to make a decision on whether to lend money or not.
During the course of dealing with us, we will ask you to provide us with detailed personal information relating to your existing circumstances, your financial situation and, in some cases, your health and family health history (Your Personal Data). This document is important as it allows us to explain to you what we will need to do with Your Personal Data, and the various rights you have in relation to Your Personal Data. The Data Protection Officer for DNA Financial Solutions is Drew Turner. We are registered with the Information Commissioners Office (ZA239120)
Your Personal Data means any information that describes or relates to your personal circumstances. Your Personal Data may identify you directly, for example your name, address, date of birth, national insurance number. Your Personal Data may also identify you indirectly, for example, your employment situation, your physical and mental health history, or any other information that could be associated with your cultural or social identity. In the context of providing you with assistance in relation to your Mortgage and Protection requirements Your Personal Data may include:
When we speak with you about your mortgage requirements, we do so on the basis that both parties are entering a contract for the supply of services. In order to perform that contract, and to arrange the products you require, we have the right to use Your Personal Data for the purposes detailed below. Alternatively, either in the course of initial discussions with you or when the contract between us has come to an end for whatever reason, we have the right to use Your Personal Data provided it is in our legitimate business interest to do so and your rights are not affected. For example, we may need to respond to requests from mortgage lenders, insurance providers and our Compliance Service Provider relating to the advice we have given to you, or to make contact with you to seek feedback on the service you received. On occasion, we will use Your Personal Data for contractual responsibilities we may owe our regulator, The Financial Conduct Authority, or for wider compliance with any legal or regulatory obligation to which we might be subject. In such circumstances, we would be processing Your Personal Data in order to meet a legal, compliance or other regulatory obligation to which we are subject.
We will collect and record Your Personal Data from a variety of sources, but mainly directly from you. You will usually provide information during the course of our initial meetings or conversations with you to establish your circumstances and needs and preferences in relation to mortgages You will provide information to us verbally and in writing, including email. We may also obtain some information from third parties, for example, credit checks, information from your employer, and searches of information in the public domain such as the voters roll. If we use technology solutions to assist in the collection of Your Personal Data for example software that is able to verify your credit status. We will only do this if we have consent from you for us or our nominated processor to access your information in this manner. With regards to electronic ID checks we would not require your consent but will inform you of how such software operates and the purpose for which it is used.
In the course of handling Your Personal Data, we will:
From time to time Your Personal Data will be shared with:
In each case, Your Personal Data will only be shared for the purposes set out in this Customer Privacy Notice, i.e. to progress your mortgage enquiry and to provide you with our professional services. Please note that this sharing of Your Personal Data does not entitle such third parties to send you marketing or promotional messages: it is shared to ensure we can adequately fulfil our responsibilities to you, and as otherwise set out in this Customer Privacy Notice. We do not envisage that the performance by us of our service will involve Your Personal Data being transferred outside of the European Economic Area.
Your privacy is important to us and we will keep Your Personal Data secure in accordance with our legal responsibilities. We will take reasonable steps to safeguard Your Personal Data against it being accessed unlawfully or maliciously by a third party. We also expect you to take reasonable steps to safeguard your own privacy when transferring information to us, such as not sending confidential information over unprotected email, ensuring email attachments are password protected or encrypted and only using secure methods of postage when original documentation is being sent to us. Your Personal Data will be retained by us either electronically or in paper format for a minimum of six years, or in instances whereby we have legal right to such information we will retain records indefinitely.
You have the right to request a copy of the personal information that we hold about you, its origin and any recipients of it as well as the purpose of any data processing carried out.